The word “Muharram” means “Forbidden”. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan. Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura.
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadhan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram.’ ” [Reported by Muslim, 1982]
01 Muharram: anniversary of the death of Hazrat Ammasaheb Bibi Habiba Qadri in India
02 Muharram: Hussein ibn Ali enters Karbala and establishes camp. Yazid’s forces are present.
07 Muharram: Access to water was banned to Husayn ibn Ali by Yazid’s orders.
10 Muharram: Referred to as the Day of Ashurah was the day on which Hussein ibn Ali was martyred in the Battle of Karbala.
Shia Muslims consider “Muharram” to be a sorrowful occassion, Sunni Muslims observe it as a festival and look at “Ashura” as a happy day though the religious aspect remain intact. Sunnis keep a fast(“roja”) on “Ashura” as per the “Hadith”of Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.). According to the “Hadith”, fast on the 9th and 10th from the following year. But death came in between him and his pious wish. Usually, Sunni Muslims are recommended to fast either on the 9th and 10th of Muharram or on the 10th and 11th of Muharram.
The month of Muharram is of great religious significance to Islamic people the world over. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan. The word “Muharram” is often considered synonymous with “Ashura”, the tenth day of the Muharram month.
Many Sufi Muslims fast for the same reason as the sunnis mentioned above, but also for the martyrs, they pray for them and send upon them peace and blessings.