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Shab Baraat:

This is the night in which the glad tidings of forgiveness and pardon are

given to the worshippers of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala). This night is mentioned in the

following verses of the Holy Quran: Dukhan 1-4. A group of the Mufassirin and the scholars

interpret this “Lailatul Mubarakah” as the 15th night of Sha’abaan, which is called as

Lailatul Baraat

“Lailatul Mubarakah” in the light of the Tafseer:

The excellence of Shab Baraat is mentioned in many Hadith. What does “Lailatul

Mubarakah” mentioned in the Holy Quran is clearly written down by the scholars that the

Lailatul Mubarakah means Shab Baraat.

Imam Shaykh Ahmed Bin Muhammad Saavi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)

(deceased 1427 Hijri) writes in his book: Haashiya As Saavi Alal Jalalain under the above

mentioned verse in Vol. 4, Pg No: 57, Tafseer Kabeer, Surah Dukhan:


“ Lailatul Mubarakah means the 15th night of Sha’abaan. This is the opinion of

Hadhrat Akrama and a group (of scholars) and this is acceptable because of some

reasons. One among them is that the 15th of Sha’abaan has 4 names:

1. The blessed night.

2. The night of deliverance.

3. The night of Mercy.

4. The night of reward.”

Imam Syed Mahmood Alusi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) (D. 1270 Hijri) writes in

Ruh Al Ma’ani:


“Hadhrat Akrama and one group said that this is the 15th night of Sha’abaan

and this night is also called as the night of mercy, the blessed night, and night of reward

and the night of freedom.”

The author of Ruh Al Bayan (D. 1127 Hijri) writes:


“Lailatul Mubarak means the night of Sha’abaan.” (Ruh Al Bayan, Vol. 8, Pg No:


The King of the saints, Hadhrat Ghawth ul A’adham (D. 561 Hijri) (May Allah be well

pleased with him) in the Tafseer of Lailatul Mubarakah:


“ That is the 15th night of Sha’abaan and it is Shab Baraat.” (Ghuniya Lit talibi

tariqil haqqi Vol. 1, Pg No: 189)

The Holy Quran says about the Lailatul Mubarakah

“In that (night) is made distinct every affair of wisdom.”

Surah Dukhan (44:4)

This verse shows that Lailatul Mubarakah is the night of decisions and about the 15th night

of Sha’abaan, it is mentioned in the Hadith that all the affairs of the coming year are


This way the mentioned Hadith become the details of Lailatul Mubarakah, as

mentioned in the narration of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbas (May Allah be well pleased

with them) in Ruh Al Ma’ani, Vol. 4, Pg No: 174:


“It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (May Allah be

well pleased with them) that the decisions of all the matters are taken on the 15th night of


One final explanation:

What does Lailatul Mubarakah mean:

In this connection, the Mufassirin have related 2 opinions.

One that Lailatul Mubarakah

means Shab Baraat and the other that it means Shab Qadr.

To reconcile (Tatbeeq) these 2 interpretations, it is said that about Lailatul Mubarakah, it is said: Dukhan-4

This shows that in this blessed night decisions are taken and it is mentioned in the Hadith

that decisions are taken on the 15th night of Sha’abaan and they are given to the

respective angels in Lailatul Qadr. Thus, if Lailatul Mubarakah is interpreted as Shab Qadr,

it means that the angels are given the orders on that night and if Shab Baraat is taken,

then it means taking the decisions.

It is given in Hashiya Al Jaml alal Jalalain, Vol. 4, Pg No: 100 and in Ma’alim Ut Tanzeel:


“It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Abbas (May

Allah be well pleased with them): Verily! Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) makes the

decisions in Shab Baraat and passes them on to those who are responsible in Shab Qadr.”

Interpretation by Shah Abdul Aziz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him):

“On interpreting Lailatul Mubarakah as Shab Baraat, a question might be raised that it is

clearly given in the Holy Quran that it was revealed in Shab Qadr, then what revelation of

the Holy Quran mean in Shab Baraat?”

Hadhrat Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) writes

about this in Tafseer Azeezi, 30th para Surah Qadr, Pg No: 259:


“Here a question is raised. That is the Holy Quran was revealed completely

over a period of 23 years, this began in the month of Rabe’e ul Awwal. Then, the 40th

year of the blessed life of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was just starting.

Whereas in the Holy Quran, 3 separate occasions are indicated. One among them is the

month of Ramadhan, second Shab Qadr, which comes in the last 10 days of Ramadhan and third, Lailatul Mubrakah, which according to most Ulema is the 15th night of Sha’abaan, which is also called as Shab Baraat. Then how do you reconcile all these 2

opinions with what has happened?

The answer to this is that after a thorough research in the Hadith, what we get to know is

that the revelation of Holy Quran from “Lauh Mahfooz” to “Bait Ul Izzat,” which is a high

station in the heavens was done in Shab Qadr. The same year, the decision to do so was

made in Shab Baraat. Now all the 3 are correct. The actual revelation was in the month

of Ramadhan in Shab Qadr. The decision to do so was made in Shab Baraat and the

revelation of it on the blessed tongue of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was

started in Rabe’e ul Awwal and it was completed before the passing away of the Holy

Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). After this interpretation, there is no contradiction.”

A beautiful explanation by Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan (May Allah shower

His Mercy on him)

Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan writes about the excellence and superiority of Shab


Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) has named Shab Baraat as “the blessed night” (Lailatul

Mubarakah) and the Holy Quran was revealed in this night. The same has been said

about Shab Qadr.

The fact is that the decision to reveal the Holy Quran was made in Shab Baraat and in

Shab Qadr, the Holy Quran was brought to the skies of this world in Shab Qadr. Then in 23

years in this world it was revealed bit by bit. This blessed night comes on the 15th of

Shabaan. Every night in the last portion of the night, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) graces

the skies of this world with His presence. In Shab Baraat, Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala)

does so from the sunset itself.

This night, the flowers of Wisaal ( Lit. union) and Qurb (closeness) of Allah (Subhanahu Wa

Ta’ala) are showered on those are busy in praying. The heavens are decorated and their

doors are left open. Those who live in Jannah like the damsels of heaven etc. come out

and watch those who worship Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala). The souls of the Prophets

and the martyrs are very happy in their highest stations (A’ala ‘Illiyeen) i.e. the matters of

this world (A’alam Nasut) are unveiled to the angels who live in the spiritual world (A’alam

Malakut) like the death of somebody or the birth of somebody or somebody becoming

rich or poor, healthy or ill, famine etc. the changing of power or government, in short

everything is decided and given to those responsible. The prayers of those who pray are

accepted, those who ask for something are given what they ask for, those who strive for

something are helped i.e. they are rewarded for their efforts. The reward for obedience is

given to the obedient. The punishment of the sinners is reduced. Honor (karamat) is

given to those who love Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala).

Then Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) declares the whole night that who is facing a difficulty

that I may grant him (or her) comfort; who is the one who asks for forgiveness that I may

grant him (or her) forgiveness; who asks for sustenance (Rizq) that I may grant it?

People think that when you obey Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala), you get less Rizq; but with

obedience of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) and with asking for forgiveness, the Rizq is

increased. Then I would say that the nature of human beings is also taken care of. Even

if somebody does not ask, even then Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) gives. If you say that

O Allah! Don’t give me food, even then this prayer will not be accepted. Whatever is

written in our fate will come to us. If you don’t want to accept what is in your fate, then

you will be forced to accept it. (Fadhaail Ramadhan Pg No: 23/24)

Reason for naming Lailatul Mubarakah:

Shab Baraat is a blessed night. Each moment of Shab Baraat is filled with the blessings of

the Majestic Lord Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) and invites the blessings of Allah

(Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala). That night from the ‘Arsh of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) to the

deepest point in the universe is enveloped in the Mercy of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala).

That’s why, this why this night is called “Lailatul Mubarakah”

The author of Ruh AL Bayan, Shaykh Ismail Haqqi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him)


“This night is a night of blessings because all blessings descend on those who do good

deeds in this night and every grain from the ‘Arsh of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) to the

deepest point in the universe receives the blessings of the beauty of Allah (Subhanahu

Wa Ta’ala).”

The reason for calling it Lailatul Bara’a:

The word “Bara’a” means to get freed. In this blessed night, the sinners are given their

freedom and the virtuous are given the glad tidings of closeness of Allah (Subhanahu Wa

Ta’ala). For this reason, this night is called Shab Baraat.

Those worshippers of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) who remain in His presence and

devote themselves to Him with their whole being, they are given the certificate of

acceptance of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) even in this sensory world:

When Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) raised his head

after finishing his Salaat, he saw a green paper whose light was till the sky and on it was

written: This is an assurance from the Powerful King to Umar Bin Abdul Aziz that is he is safe

from the fire of Hell.

(Ruh Al Bayan, Vol 8, Pg No: 447)

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